doctors in medical scrubs

Where To Buy Medical Scrubs

Medical scrubs are worn by a number of professionals. Everyone from doctors to dentists to veterinary technicians to nurses and medical office staff wear this uniform, which is meant to be comfortable and practical. It also easily identifies people as being part of the medical profession in some capacity. If you’re wondering where to buy medical scrubs, you have a number of different options available. Before you buy, you’ll need to decide what you’re looking for and balance fit and functionality with aesthetics. It’s important to look and feel good while you’re working, and that means getting the right fit and feeling confident about how you look.

Buying in Department Stores

Many of the larger department stores stock a supply of medical scrubs. You can find a variety of styles, sizes, colors, and patterns. The benefit of shopping in a department store is that you can take your time and look through the selections on your own. You can try on different types of scrubs and compare how one thing looks to another. It’s easy to return and exchange merchandise in department stores when you save your receipt.

Department store shopping is also convenient. You might be at the mall or in a shopping center to purchase a number of different things, and when you can buy your scrubs in the same place that you buy the other things on your list, you’re saving yourself time. You might save money, too. Many department stores have reward programs or loyalty cards that help you save on every purchase.

Buying in Specialty Stores

If there’s a specific size or style that you need, a specialty store that sells the best medical scrubs might be a better choice for you. When you find shops and boutiques that focus specifically on scrubs, you are guaranteed to get a larger selection. You’ll also be in a smaller store, usually, so you can rely on the help and expertise of sales associates who can help you find exactly what you’re looking for.

Many of these specialty shops will also custom order anything that you want but may not be stocked on their shelves. They may have catalogs that you can browse if there’s something in particular that you want or like. You’ll usually find a reasonable return policy in these shops as well, and you can often sign up on their mailing list to get special offers, notices of sales, and introductions to new products.

Buying Online

People buy just about everything online these days, and work clothing is no exception. If you like the ease and simplicity of online shopping, you will find an abundance of options on the internet for medical scrubs. You can basically choose any color you want, any style, and every possible size. This is an attractive option when you’re buying scrubs because you can do your shopping at any time of the day or night. If you work the late shift at the hospital and you need to order scrubs at 2:00 in the morning, you can – the internet never closes.

The challenge with online shopping is that you don’t have the opportunity to try anything on before you buy it. However, the most reputable online retailers will have reliable sizing guides. You should be able to return anything that doesn’t fit, as well. And, once you order a pair of scrubs online from a certain company, you’ll know what to expect in terms of fit and feel. That will make all of your future orders a lot more efficient and predictable. There are usually shipping charges that you’ll have to pay for online ordering, but sometimes you’ll be offered coupons or discounts that can defray or even eliminate your shipping costs.

Here is a great recommendation for some of the best mens scrubs.

Consignment and Used Scrubs

If you’re on a tight budget, you can always check consignment shops and used clothing stores. This is a great and affordable way to find gently worn scrubs that are still in excellent working order. You’ll have less of a selection when it comes to style, size, and color, but it won’t be too hard to find a pair that gets you to work and remains durable through a few years of additional wear.

Shopping Considerations

Most people love wearing scrubs because they are lightweight, comfortable, and easy to move around in. If you’re buying a pair for the first time or you seem to be having some trouble getting it right, consider a few important things.

Think about coverage, for example. Nurses, surgeons, and all medical professionals are always moving around. You’re often bending over patients and moving equipment. You don’t want to expose yourself to patients or colleagues. So, look for scrubs that will cover you and be likely to move with your body rather than reveal it.

Think about your color and pattern selections as well. Some employers will have guidelines and restrictions that must be followed. Find out what you can wear and not wear, and choose carefully. Look for fabrics and material that is fade resistant so that you don’t suddenly have a different color after a few washes.

Look for scrubs with pockets. You’ll need a place for pens, alcohol pads, notes, and other things you pick up during the course of a work day. Make sure your scrubs fit. You want them to be a bit baggy so they stay flexible, but they shouldn’t be so loose that they get into your way. Remember that quality is important so you can avoid tears and rips, and you always want to buy enough pairs that you don’t have to do laundry every day.

Knowing where to buy medical scrubs is just as important as knowing what kind of scrubs to buy. Do a little shopping online and in stores, and when you’re ready to buy, you’ll feel informed and sure about what you want. Talk to colleagues about where they buy their scrubs as well. This is an important part of your career, so take the purchase and stocking of scrubs seriously.

a nice service dog

How To Get A Service Dog For PTSD Veterans

Post-traumatic stress disorder is a common complication that affects people that have been involved in war in one way or another. It is commonly reported among soldiers who have participated in a violent operation at a given time in their career. Some of the people that experience PTSD are known to go through severe episodes of depression, nightmares and social anxiety. For such people coping with daily living routines can be an uphill task and if not closely monitored may have catastrophic results. It is with this in mind that anyone that has been in war or knows someone that was involved in war should know how to get a service dog for PTSD veterans.

Service dogs are basically pet dogs that have been trained to act as assistants to veterans. These dogs are often taken through a series of training routines that are aimed at giving them the ability to detect when an individual is experiencing nightmares and in such a case interrupt sleep. The dogs can also sense when their master is going through depression or anxiety attacks. In the event that the dog senses any of the negative symptoms of PTSD it is able to quickly respond by alerting other people or acting in an appropriate manner to remedy the situation.

Service dogs are an important asset when it comes to honoring war veterans and ensuring that the society as a whole remains safe. It is with this in mind that you need to realize the pets are only available through select government programs and non profit organizations. Obtaining such a dog is limited to people that are actually in need which is why controls are put in place to ascertain the needs of individuals before the dogs are provided. Here are some of the things you should know when thinking of getting such a dog for yourself or a loved one.

Steps on how to get a service dog for PTSD veterans

Do some research – only a few organizations are mandated to provide service dogs which is why you must carry out some research to identify these organizations. Walk into any government office and inquire about programs that provide these pets. Representatives in the office will be able to give guidance on what you can do. They may pull up a few contacts and recommend them to you. There are plenty of online resources that can also be of help when you are looking for these pets. By simply taking advantage of these free resources you will be able to identify local organizations that can provide assistance.

Make contact with selected organization – once you have gone through the list of the organizations or government programs that can assist in acquisition of a service dog, the next step is to make contact and inquire about the requirements. In most cases you will need to prove that you were involved in a war and are an American citizen. You must have a disabling medical condition and that you have been released from all service and reserve obligations. While talking with a representative of the organization be sure to ask any questions that may be on your mind. This will make it possible for you to move on to the next step confidently.

Training and certification – most organizations require that people who get these service dogs are taken through a training and certification program. This program ensures that the individual is equipped with the right skills and knowledge on how to handle the dog. Lack of knowledge and skills on handling the service dog may lead to frustrations and possible conflicts with the dog. Keep in mind that the individual will be depending on the dog for certain issues while the dog will also be depending on the master for issues such as feeding and regular exercise sessions.

Submit an application – if you meet all the requirements stipulated by the particular organization you should go ahead to ask for an application form. Fill out all the details that are required as accurately as possible. Some organizations allow people to submit applications through online portals. Once you have entered all information go through the form to ascertain that everything is correct before submitting the application for review.

Discuss with loved ones and other parties – bringing a dog into your home is a huge responsibility which is why you need to take some time and discuss the matter with your family members. Let them know that you have submitted an application for a service dog and prepare them for a possible acquisition of the pet. If you are living in a rented house it is wise to talk to the owner or management just so you are clear about the rules of owning a pet. Keep in mind that there are certain rental apartments that do not allow tenants to live with pets.

Prepare the home – as your application is being processed you should go ahead and set up the house in such a way that it will be able to accommodate the dog. Purchase any supplies that are required for the dog. These may include shampoo for keeping the dog clean, dog beds, chains and any other supplies that you may deem necessary. It is worth pointing out that you should have your finances planned because you are likely to incur certain costs with regards to dog food and veterinary services.

Receive your service dog – once your application has been reviewed and approved a representative of the organization will get in touch and let you know about the news. You will then be allowed to meet the dog that will be assigned to you and go through various sessions of getting acquainted. The dog will then be turned over to you for a period of six months through which you are likely to be under probation. If you adhere to all the regulations and rules put in place the organization will sign over full ownership of the service dog to you.

The Four Most Common Motorcycle Injuries

Motorcycles have become a very important and integral part of the society. Today there are over a million plus motorcycles in just one country. Many motorists have discovered that motorcycles are very fast, and thus one can avoid being stuck in traffic jams. Others simply buy and use the motorcycles for the thrill and adventure that people feel. However, in the recent past there has also been a rise in the most common motorcycle injuries and deaths.

Common motorcycle injuries

In the event of an accident, there are those body parts that are very prone to getting hurt more than others.

Head and neck injuries

The head and neck are very sensitive body parts, because the head houses the brain and the skull, while the neck controls movement. In an accident, one is likely to get a head concussion, which may intern lead to swelling. There is severe brain damage in cases where the brain swells too much that the skull cannot house it anymore. While protecting the head, one also needs to consider the eardrum, which can also be damaged by the sounds and pressure. This is done to prevent it from bursting.

The neck is also a very important body part, and very sensitive if hurt in an accident. The spinal cord starts from the neck downwards and if the neck is damaged, then this can lead to paralysis or even death. This is why it is always important to wear a helmet when riding, to protect the head.

Leg injuries

Another common type of injury in motorcycle accidents is damages to the legs, knees and feet. Some riders may come out of an accident with just a rash, scrapes and bruises. However, they may not be to lucky as they may experience broken legs and feet, shattered and broken bones. Some may even end up having amputations or becoming disabled due to the nature of their leg injuries. These kinds of injuries can be prevented by wearing the right kind of protective clothing while riding. The protection gear includes knee pads, long trousers and riding boots.

Muscle damages

Muscle damage can occur anywhere in the body, and in severe cases can lead to paralysis. The most important thing to prevent damage of muscles is to always wear protective clothing and ride safe at all times. It is important that a rider goes to hospital after any accident even if there is no pain so as to ascertain if there is any muscle damage. Many people ignore visiting a hospital after a slight accident especially if they cannot see any physical injury or feel pain. Note that you could be experiencing a muscle, which is not easily seen but was strained during an accident.

Scrapes and road rashes

Many people ignore scrapes and rashes that they normally get during accidents. These are perhaps one of the commonest kinds of injuries motorcycle riders get on their bodies. The injuries occur on the legs, thighs, and hands, and sometimes on the face. These can be created by skidding on the road or hitting on the handle bars at a high speed. If one is not wearing the right clothing, the cloth can be torn and the skin scrapped during the impact. A scrape or rash should not be ignored, because if not properly treated, it can lead to skin infections and in some cases lead to nerve damage. The preventative measure for this kind of injury is to wear thick protective clothing. In this way, one can avoid the skin being scrapped or cut on the rough road surface.

Arm injuries

The other more common type of injury happens on the arms. In the course of a motorcycle accident, the rider does not have a safety belt to prevent him from flying off the bike. The first instinct in such a case is to use the arms to help cushion your fall, and reduce the impact of falling off a fast bike. The result is that the arms and the upper body end up receiving the greatest impact, as the whole body falls on it. This leads to broken bones and damaged nerves, which may result to amputation or even paralysis. The best way to prevent this kind of accident is having elbow pads to lessen the impact on the hand.

Conclusion

It is important that you therefore, wear the protective clothing recommended for a rider, especially a good quality motorcycle helmet. Ensure also that any passenger on the motorcycle wears it. This way, you lessen your exposure from the most common motorcycle injuries.

Some other resources:

suffering from a stroke

Understanding Strokes – Stats, Prevention and Treatment

Stroke: Understanding the Statistics

Stroke is not only a common cause of death and disability in America, it is also the leading cause of loss of independence in adults. With 700,000 strokes reported each year, it is not surprising that there are over 4.4 million stroke survivors in the United States. Many of these survivors require intensive stroke rehabilitation. But there is hope for prevention. Altering unhealthy lifestyle habits and controlling medical conditions associated with strokes can drastically lower the risk of having a stroke.

Emergency Stroke Treatment

If more patients sought treatment immediately, stroke might not be the third leading cause of death in the United States. This is because the timing of treatment significantly impacts the amount of disability caused by a stroke. Treatment administered within hours of the onset of a stroke is more likely to limit brain damage caused by tissue death. Unfortunately, however, many people do not seek treatment right away. Instead they choose to delay getting medical attention in hopes that the symptoms will improve on their own. When a stroke is occurring, however, every hour without treatment is likely to mean increased cell death leading to increased disability. This delay between stroke onset and treatment results in unnecessary death and disability.

Stroke Treatment Facilities

Primary Stroke Prevention

Primary stroke prevention focuses on altering lifestyle and controlling medical conditions before a stroke develops. By changing factors that may cause a stroke, primary prevention can drastically reduce the risk of developing the condition. There is an additional benefit: primary stroke prevention strategies not only lower the risk of stroke, but also decrease the chances of developing other illnesses, such as cancer and heart disease.

High Blood Pressure, Cholesterol, and Stroke Prevention

As part of any successful prevention plan, medical conditions that increase stroke risk should be carefully controlled. For instance, blood pressure and cholesterol should be monitored regularly and treated when necessary, since these two factors profoundly affect stroke risk. High blood pressure (hypertension) increases the risk of stroke because the constant pressure weakens arterial walls. In this manner, hypertension  contributes directly to hardening the arteries, or atherosclerosis.

High cholesterol levels related to diet, smoking, or genetic factors also contribute to the development of atherosclerosis through the deposition of cholesterol plaques in the blood vessels. Since hypertension and hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol) are two common risk factors for stroke, medication and treatment that control high blood pressure or high cholesterol can be used to lower the risk of stroke. Remember: prevention is better than rehabilitation.

More information on high blood pressure, cholesterol, and other medical risk factors for strokes can be found on the Heath Risks page. Specific information on cholesterol levels and high blood pressure can be found on the following websites:

About Hypertension
CholesterolFocus.

Stroke Prevention and Lifestyle: Smoking and Diet

Lifestyle changes are usually necessary for effective stroke prevention. For smokers, quitting smoking is the best way to lower the risk of stroke. Quitting smoking will not only lower the risk of stroke, but will also reduce the likelihood of developing other major illnesses, such as cancer and heart disease. Other lifestyle modifications, including adopting a healthier diet, increasing exercise, and decreasing alcohol consumption have positive stroke prevention effects as well.

Stroke Rehabilitation and Secondary Stroke Prevention

After a stroke, survivors are often left with severe disabilities that require intensive stroke rehabilitation. Stroke rehabilitation allows stroke survivors to maintain existing abilities, relearn lost skills, and develop strategies for living with stroke damage.

When primary stroke prevention fails, stroke survivors can reduce their risk of future strokes by practicing secondary stroke prevention. Like primary prevention, secondary prevention focuses on managing high blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and other risk factors. In addition, secondary stroke prevention may include medication or surgery to lower the chance of further strokes.

 

ptsd

What Are The Treatments For PTSD?

PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) is a mental illness that significantly affects one’s thoughts, emotions and relationships. The medical diagnosis for the condition includes a host of symptoms that could last for more than a month. PTSD often results from direct/indirect exposure to disturbing details of a disaster. Healthcare providers and first responders who work with trauma survivors could also be exposed.

What are the Treatments for PTSD?

Although many treatments are advertised as effective for PTSD, only a handful of them are proven to be effective and safe, using established research techniques. These include medication, psychotherapy, and a combination of the two. While experts have been trying to come up with viable treatment approaches, close to half of all patients who enroll either remain symptomatic or drop out altogether.

Cognitive Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a treatment that aims to restructure the patient’s thinking patterns that influence emotions. Basically, a therapist counsels the individual to help them understand how you think about trauma in the aftermath. For instance, people who don’t feel comfortable around crowded areas are taught how to view the world differently, so that they’re able to live a fuller life.

Cognitive therapy uses various psychological treatment methods to help patients come to terms with traumatic events. With the help of a counselor, patients learn how to replace their negative feelings with thoughts that are more accurate, and less distressing as well. They’re also equipped with coping techniques to help them overcome anger, fear and guilt.

Medication

Medications are commonly used hand-in-hand with psychotherapy for PTSD. The most commonly prescribed drugs for trauma victims include antidepressants and atypical antipsychotics.  The latter are perceived to be more effective for patients who suffer from dissociation, agitation and paranoia.

Antidepressants are known to reduce impulsiveness, aggression and suicidal thoughts. Because they could take up to 8 weeks to work, individuals are advised to be patient when taking them.  Patients don’t always respond to the first kind of antidepressant they try. In such cases, a different drug will usually be prescribed when the first one fails to work. If taken for at least one year, antidepressants could effectively ward off a relapse of PTSD.

Generally, medications should only be prescribed by a psychiatrist. Before a prescription is issued, however, the doctor will usually inform the patient about possible side effects one may experience while under medication. They’ll also disclose any possible withdrawal symptoms that could follow afterwards.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)

Here, there are several approaches that are usually considered alternative to mainstream medical practices. One such approach is acupuncture, a technique that has been seen to improve some PTSD symptoms. Other treatments include energy techniques, body manipulation and movement techniques, service dogs Washington, as well as some natural products.

Broadly, there’s not much evidence to recommend these approaches as the primary treatment for PTSD. Although some relaxation techniques could be considered as complementary treatments for hyper-arousal symptoms, their effectiveness is largely unknown. Still, CAM approaches may be considered for individuals who aren’t comfortable with established treatment techniques.

In the wake of disasters, abuses and accidents, victims can face a host of issues, ranging from emotional detachment to insomnia. Such symptoms of PTSD can cause substantial disruptions in one’s physical and social life. But what are the treatments for PTSD, you may ask? Well, everyone is different, which means an approach that works well for one trauma survivor may not be of any help for another. Nevertheless, one could explore a number of treatments in order to find one that works for them. Consulting a doctor to discuss these options would certainly be recommended.

brain injury lawyer

How Can a Brain Injury Lawyer Help Me?

A brain injury lawyer knows that financial compensation and justice are top of mind after a brain injury incident. When brain damage has resulted in physical or mental disabilities, the victim and his or her family need peace of mind. The importance of these factors becomes even more critical if the injury has resulted in the death of a loved one. The responsible parties should be held accountable for their actions and a brain injury lawyer is an expert at ensuring justice for victims. 

An Overview of Traumatic Brain Injury

When you first meet with your brain injury lawyer, you will want to discuss the specific circumstances of your case. All of the details will be important. Be sure to explain the injuring incident, initial symptoms, and any long-term disabilities that were caused by the brain injury. The list below shows some common accidents leading up to brain injuries, the symptoms that may result, and common lifelong disabilities.

  • Common Causes of Head Trauma
    • Falls (35 percent)
    • Motor Vehicle Accidents (17 percent)
    • Struck By or Against an Object (16.5 percent)
    • Assaults (10 percent)
    • Other/Unknown (21 percent)
  • Symptoms After a Mild Brain Injury
    • Headache
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Blurred vision
    • Fatigue
    • Trouble concentrating
    • Disturbance in sleep patterns
    • Slight amnesia
    • Unconsciousness lasting for less than 30 minutes
  • Symptoms After a Moderate or Severe Brain Injury
    • Persistent and painful headache
    • Repeated vomiting
    • Severe disorientation
    • Dilated pupils
    • Numbness or weakness in arms or legs
    • Convulsions
    • Changes in personality or behavior
    • Unconsciousness lasting for more than 30 minutes
  • Subsequent Disabilities
    • Memory problems
    • Difficulty processing new information
    • Poor judgment
    • Poor language, reading, or writing skills
    • Physical weakness and loss of coordination
    • Epilepsy
    • Irregular emotions – easily agitated, unable to empathize,  mood swings, depression
    • Increased risk for Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and other brain disorders

Tips for Finding a Brain Injury Lawyer

Choosing a brain injury lawyer can be a difficult decision. In order to ensure the best possible outcome, make sure to research all of your options and ask several questions before signing any type of agreement. In the list below, you’ll find a list of tips that may help in your search for a brain injury lawyer.

  • Ask friends, family members, or coworkers for recommendations of successful legal firms.
  • Contact local brain injury support organizations in your area. BIAA (www.biausa.org) is a national organization that may be able to help.
  • Search online directories and reviews of lawyers.
  • Personally consult at least three attorneys. Ask questions and investigate the firm.
    • What are your credentials?
    • How many brain injury cases have you handled? What were the outcomes?
    • Have you taken any educational classes regarding brain injuries?
    • Who will I be working with?
    • What kind of a settlement can I expect in my case?
    • What fees will I owe?
brain trauma

Traumatic Brain Injury: What victims and their families have to deal with

A harsh blow to the head can result in a kind of damage known as the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). This is a serious problem with grave implications. Victims and survivors have to battle its horrendous consequences for years, until they succumb to an untimely demise. Unfortunately, this condition has no cure. However, survivors and their caregivers should educate themselves about how to handle it and what to expect. This will prepare them for the life that lies ahead.

Important information regarding this condition:

  • If you suspect that an acquaintance may have suffered a Traumatic Brain Injury, do not wait for any symptoms to develop, but look for medical assistance immediately. The sooner proper medical treatment is provided, greater will be the chances of recovery.
  • Doctors will attempt to stabilize the condition and control the damage. Whatever remains unchecked will persist for the rest of the life.
  • Based on this, your doctor will prepare you regarding what life is going to be like and what steps you can take to manage it. They will guide you regarding proper care and management.
  • One of the worst things is, survivors and their families are often in denial regarding this tragedy. This is actually an impediment to their healing. So, one needs to make efforts to come to terms with this event.
  • If necessary, you should start seeing a psychologist, or at least share your feelings with close friends or family. As dubious as it may sound, this is the first step towards rehabilitation.
  • The next important thing is physiotherapy. This is needed to maintain and strengthen the remaining functions. This has to be on a regular basis under the guidance of a dependable professional, who will skillfully assist the patient in this regard.
  • In case of such damage, because so many functions get impaired, disuse can lead to muscular atrophy. So, regular exercise and therapy are very essential. They ensure that blood circulation is maintained properly. Many times they also lead to improvement in the condition.
  • Many times, the patient is completely bedridden, or needs round the clock care and attention. In such cases, family members may not be equipped and trained to care for the patient properly. So, it is advisable to hire a professional nurse or aide who will watch over the patient.
  • These professionals are trained and experienced, so they will not only take good care of the patient, but also help you to learn how to live with such problems. Many people are testimony of the fact, that, such caregivers have helped greatly in coming to terms with the situation.
  • It is important for the family, and if possible the patient, to join support groups. The reason for this is, here you will connect with people who have faced what you are going through and are the best people to understand your circumstances. Their empathy and assistance will play a vital role in helping you to rebuild your life.

Traumatic Brain Injury needs to be overcome in a strategic manner. It requires considerable effort and patience. Do not give up, because as long as there is life, there is hope.

anoxic brain injury

What is an Anoxic Brain Injury?

Simply put, an anoxic brain injury deprives the brain of oxygen. Since oxygen is absolutely essential to human life, the gravity of this injury is obvious. Without oxygen, brain cells quickly die and important bodily processes fail. Anoxic brain damage can be caused by a variety of medical conditions or accidents. The severity of the damage is based on the length of oxygen deprivation and outcomes can vary widely. In this article, you’ll find an overview of the science and common prognoses associated with an anoxic brain injury.

The Science

By definition, an anoxic brain injury occurs when the brain receives inadequate levels of oxygen for an extended period of time. The brain uses approximately one-fifth of the body’s total oxygen supply. Low levels of oxygen mean that brain cells cannot function or communicate with one another. This impairs cognitive, physiological, and emotional processes.

  • There are three main modes of oxygen deprivation
    • Anoxic Anoxia: This type of condition exists if oxygen-rich blood is available, but it cannot get to the brain. Low blood pressure or blood clots are two common impediments.
    • Anemic Anoxia: In this instance, blood may not be able to carry enough oxygen. This is commonly seen in patients suffering from lung disease.
    • Toxic Anoxia: This occurs when a toxin, like carbon monoxide, enters the blood and prevent cells from utilizing oxygen.
  • After four minutes without oxygen, brain cells begin to die.
  • Certain areas of the brain require more oxygen than other areas. These oxygen-rich areas include the hippocampus, the cerebellum, the basal ganglia, and the cortex. Because of their extreme dependence on oxygen, these areas are especially sensitive to anoxic brain injury.

Common Causes

Anoxic brain injury can happen quickly. Some causes are related to underlying medical conditions. Other types of anoxic brain damage are caused by unfortunate accidents. A short list of common causes is provided below.

  • Choking
  • Hanging
  • Drowning
  • Suffocation
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Stroke
  • Electrical shock
  • Exposure to carbon monoxide
  • Heart arrhythmias
  • Bronchial asthma
  • Drug overdose

Symptoms

In general, a victim of anoxic brain injury will experience a loss of consciousness and move into a coma-like state. Even if the oxygen deprivation doesn’t last long enough to cause unconsciousness, the victim may still experience symptoms and lingering effects well after oxygen levels have been restored.

  • Short-term memory loss: The hippocampus (an especially oxygen-dependent part of the brain) is responsible for processing new information. Without oxygen, the hippocampus cannot develop new memories.
  • Problems with language and speech: Victims may use the wrong words, confuse words, or not understand words.
  • Poor visual functioning: Brain damage may result in the inability to recognize shapes, colors, or common objects.
  • Lack of coordination: Damage to the basal ganglia and cerebellum affect movement control. Patients may walk as though they are drunk, with bobbing and weaving motions.
  • Inability to perform daily tasks: Victims may not be able to complete simple physical movements like brushing their teeth or eating with utensils.
  • Inability to process high-level thinking: The victim’s reasoning, problem solving, and decision-making may be impaired.
brain injuries in adults

How can you prevent brain injury in adults?

Brain injury is the result of trauma to head region and is reported quite frequently in individuals of all age groups. Most common cause of brain injury in adults or adolescents is sports and road traffic accidents. Cycling, cheerleading, football, soccer, boxing, baseball and softball, skate boards and water sports contribute significantly to sports related brain injury each year, with 446,788 patients visiting hospital emergency in United States for moderately severe head or brain injury in 2011 alone. Boxing leaves amateurs and young professionals with permanent brain damage. Brain injury is a critical injury that can affect the entire life of the injured person. Since the brain cells cannot regenerate, no transplantation therapy can help the survivors. In order to prevent brain injury and the brain cell death, it is extremely important to take certain measures for brain injury prevention.

Brain injury prevention can be taken by the following methods:

Identification of risk groups and creating awareness:

Programs regarding brain injury prevention should be conducted throughout the community to describe the risk factors and prevention strategies that might prevent brain injury in different risk groups. This would help the people to understand the possibilities and chances of developing brain injury and resulting consequences.  Educating individuals belonging to all age groups and classes is in an important step towards traumatic brain injury prevention. People should be guided on taking preventive measures by avoiding risky behavior and using protection.

Protective devices:

A number of measures can be employed for traumatic brain injury prevention, including wearing helmets, avoiding using cell phones while driving and most importantly following traffic rules. State and government authorities should take necessary measures to promote careful driving to avoid accidents and a system of fine and punishment for those who don’t follow traffic rules and regulations.

Prompt treatment and detailed examination in case of any head or brain injury:

The most important aspect of traumatic brain injury prevention is the timely management of any traumatic injury to head or brain. After any accident, a complete neuro-physical examination and CT scan is a must to rule out any organic damage to brain tissue. In most cases, prompt treatment saves the individuals from serious issues and from lifelong health problems.

Brain injury prevention in automobile users

Certain transport mediums like bikes and bicycles require proper head, elbow and knee covering (helmets, elbow and knee pads respectively) in order to prevent severe traumas due to road side accidents. These measures should be taken in consideration in order to prevent brain injury.

Brain injury prevention in athletes:

People who are engaged in sports also have higher chances of acquiring brain injury. For e.g., skiers, bicyclists, skaters, cricketers, footballers, horse riders, all are more prone to falls, as in, hitting their heads on the playground during games or practice sessions. They need to wear helmets in order to cover their head and prevent injury to the brain.

Prevention of hypoxic condition

Young Beginners of water sports like swimming are more likely to go through hypoxic conditions  like controlled breathing under water, because of which the brain does not get adequate oxygen supply and if the condition exceeds to four to five minutes, the cerebral cells may suffer significant hypoxic brain injury. So the children should be counseled and such activities should be monitored for brain injury prevention.

Brain injury prevention by lifestyle modification:

–          Using nets and insect repellents for restricting bug entry in the house also helps in brain injury prevention since tiny bugs can lead to viral, bacterial or parasitic encephalitis (or brain injury)

–          Alcoholics should avoid drinking alcohol while driving. Moreover, excessive alcohol consumption is also associated with falls and accidents.

To sum up,

It is imperative to understand that traumatic Brain Injury not only poses an increase risk of physical injury but it also has dreadful psychological and economical consequences. Traumatic brain injury unlike most other physical injuries has a very slow rate of healing and in most cases there will be no 100% return of function. Traumatic brain injury prevention also protects the state and government from wasting tons of finances in rehabilitation unit management and staff expenses. Family members of people who suffer from traumatic brain injury not only loses one hand who was previously contributing in the finances of home, but also one person more who is now dependent on other family members to not only bear the expenses of feeding him but also  have to bear expanses of medical treatment.

brain injury types

Types of Brain Injury: A simple guide to their classification

When your life has been turned upside down by a catastrophic event, then you need to learn as much as possible about your medical condition, so that you can handle it better. This post is meant to give a brief and simplified overview of Types of Brain Injuries. No matter what be the cause, the consequences are very often horrifying. Familiarizing yourself with the classification, symptoms, implications etc is an important first step towards coming to terms with the condition and learning to deal with it.

Information about these conditions:

  • Broadly speaking, Types of Brain Injury can be traumatic or acquired. In the former, it is a consequence of a harsh blow to the head. In the latter case, there is some underlying medical condition, poisoning or any other less violent cause. Many times, the lines dividing the two categories can become blurred.
  • Concussion: This occurs when there is a harsh blow to the head, or the inner tissue is violently agitated as a result of a whiplash.
  • Contusion: In this case, nerves are damaged due to some trauma and internal bleeding often occurs.
  • Coup-Contrecoup: The damage or impact is so severe, that all parts of the inner tissue are affected. The meaning of this term is that areas opposite the site of insult also get damaged.
  • Shaken baby syndrome: This is actually a criminal offense. In this, a person knowingly manhandles a child so brutally, that the inner delicate tissue gets badly damaged.
  • Anoxic: This can arise from a variety of causes which block the oxygen supply to the head. Cells die because of this and the consequences are rather severe.
  • Hypoxic: Here, the oxygen supply is only partially cut off. If attended to in a timely fashion, it can be controlled, otherwise cells will die.

Symptoms and management:

  • While the actual symptoms differ upon the kind of damage and the area affected, there are some common indications like blurred or double vision, headaches, nausea, dizziness, nosebleeds, problems with coordination and cognition, memory lapses etc.
  • These symptoms are rather erratic. They may be mild, may occur a few days after the accident, may not occur at all and patient suddenly becomes unconscious, or may develop and resolve on their own.
  • So, if you suspect that you or an acquaintance may have sustained such a damage, then it is better to err on the side of caution and contact a doctor.
  • Contact a dependable doctor and if needed take a second opinion. This is because, many times it becomes difficult to detect these problems in the early stages. Unfortunately, as the stages progress, salvation becomes impossible.

Types of Brain Injuries can wreck havoc on your life. Learning about them can help you to be a bit more cautious. And even if, in spite of your precautions, you feel that you may have sustained a damage, do not ignore it or wait for the symptoms to develop. Timely medical intervention can save you.