brain injury lawyer

How Can a Brain Injury Lawyer Help Me?

A brain injury lawyer knows that financial compensation and justice are top of mind after a brain injury incident. When brain damage has resulted in physical or mental disabilities, the victim and his or her family need peace of mind. The importance of these factors becomes even more critical if the injury has resulted in the death of a loved one. The responsible parties should be held accountable for their actions and a brain injury lawyer is an expert at ensuring justice for victims. 

An Overview of Traumatic Brain Injury

When you first meet with your brain injury lawyer, you will want to discuss the specific circumstances of your case. All of the details will be important. Be sure to explain the injuring incident, initial symptoms, and any long-term disabilities that were caused by the brain injury. The list below shows some common accidents leading up to brain injuries, the symptoms that may result, and common lifelong disabilities.

  • Common Causes of Head Trauma
    • Falls (35 percent)
    • Motor Vehicle Accidents (17 percent)
    • Struck By or Against an Object (16.5 percent)
    • Assaults (10 percent)
    • Other/Unknown (21 percent)
  • Symptoms After a Mild Brain Injury
    • Headache
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Blurred vision
    • Fatigue
    • Trouble concentrating
    • Disturbance in sleep patterns
    • Slight amnesia
    • Unconsciousness lasting for less than 30 minutes
  • Symptoms After a Moderate or Severe Brain Injury
    • Persistent and painful headache
    • Repeated vomiting
    • Severe disorientation
    • Dilated pupils
    • Numbness or weakness in arms or legs
    • Convulsions
    • Changes in personality or behavior
    • Unconsciousness lasting for more than 30 minutes
  • Subsequent Disabilities
    • Memory problems
    • Difficulty processing new information
    • Poor judgment
    • Poor language, reading, or writing skills
    • Physical weakness and loss of coordination
    • Epilepsy
    • Irregular emotions – easily agitated, unable to empathize,  mood swings, depression
    • Increased risk for Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and other brain disorders

Tips for Finding a Brain Injury Lawyer

Choosing a brain injury lawyer can be a difficult decision. In order to ensure the best possible outcome, make sure to research all of your options and ask several questions before signing any type of agreement. In the list below, you’ll find a list of tips that may help in your search for a brain injury lawyer.

  • Ask friends, family members, or coworkers for recommendations of successful legal firms.
  • Contact local brain injury support organizations in your area. BIAA (www.biausa.org) is a national organization that may be able to help.
  • Search online directories and reviews of lawyers.
  • Personally consult at least three attorneys. Ask questions and investigate the firm.
    • What are your credentials?
    • How many brain injury cases have you handled? What were the outcomes?
    • Have you taken any educational classes regarding brain injuries?
    • Who will I be working with?
    • What kind of a settlement can I expect in my case?
    • What fees will I owe?
brain trauma

Traumatic Brain Injury: What victims and their families have to deal with

A harsh blow to the head can result in a kind of damage known as the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). This is a serious problem with grave implications. Victims and survivors have to battle its horrendous consequences for years, until they succumb to an untimely demise. Unfortunately, this condition has no cure. However, survivors and their caregivers should educate themselves about how to handle it and what to expect. This will prepare them for the life that lies ahead.

Important information regarding this condition:

  • If you suspect that an acquaintance may have suffered a Traumatic Brain Injury, do not wait for any symptoms to develop, but look for medical assistance immediately. The sooner proper medical treatment is provided, greater will be the chances of recovery.
  • Doctors will attempt to stabilize the condition and control the damage. Whatever remains unchecked will persist for the rest of the life.
  • Based on this, your doctor will prepare you regarding what life is going to be like and what steps you can take to manage it. They will guide you regarding proper care and management.
  • One of the worst things is, survivors and their families are often in denial regarding this tragedy. This is actually an impediment to their healing. So, one needs to make efforts to come to terms with this event.
  • If necessary, you should start seeing a psychologist, or at least share your feelings with close friends or family. As dubious as it may sound, this is the first step towards rehabilitation.
  • The next important thing is physiotherapy. This is needed to maintain and strengthen the remaining functions. This has to be on a regular basis under the guidance of a dependable professional, who will skillfully assist the patient in this regard.
  • In case of such damage, because so many functions get impaired, disuse can lead to muscular atrophy. So, regular exercise and therapy are very essential. They ensure that blood circulation is maintained properly. Many times they also lead to improvement in the condition.
  • Many times, the patient is completely bedridden, or needs round the clock care and attention. In such cases, family members may not be equipped and trained to care for the patient properly. So, it is advisable to hire a professional nurse or aide who will watch over the patient.
  • These professionals are trained and experienced, so they will not only take good care of the patient, but also help you to learn how to live with such problems. Many people are testimony of the fact, that, such caregivers have helped greatly in coming to terms with the situation.
  • It is important for the family, and if possible the patient, to join support groups. The reason for this is, here you will connect with people who have faced what you are going through and are the best people to understand your circumstances. Their empathy and assistance will play a vital role in helping you to rebuild your life.

Traumatic Brain Injury needs to be overcome in a strategic manner. It requires considerable effort and patience. Do not give up, because as long as there is life, there is hope.

anoxic brain injury

What is an Anoxic Brain Injury?

Simply put, an anoxic brain injury deprives the brain of oxygen. Since oxygen is absolutely essential to human life, the gravity of this injury is obvious. Without oxygen, brain cells quickly die and important bodily processes fail. Anoxic brain damage can be caused by a variety of medical conditions or accidents. The severity of the damage is based on the length of oxygen deprivation and outcomes can vary widely. In this article, you’ll find an overview of the science and common prognoses associated with an anoxic brain injury.

The Science

By definition, an anoxic brain injury occurs when the brain receives inadequate levels of oxygen for an extended period of time. The brain uses approximately one-fifth of the body’s total oxygen supply. Low levels of oxygen mean that brain cells cannot function or communicate with one another. This impairs cognitive, physiological, and emotional processes.

  • There are three main modes of oxygen deprivation
    • Anoxic Anoxia: This type of condition exists if oxygen-rich blood is available, but it cannot get to the brain. Low blood pressure or blood clots are two common impediments.
    • Anemic Anoxia: In this instance, blood may not be able to carry enough oxygen. This is commonly seen in patients suffering from lung disease.
    • Toxic Anoxia: This occurs when a toxin, like carbon monoxide, enters the blood and prevent cells from utilizing oxygen.
  • After four minutes without oxygen, brain cells begin to die.
  • Certain areas of the brain require more oxygen than other areas. These oxygen-rich areas include the hippocampus, the cerebellum, the basal ganglia, and the cortex. Because of their extreme dependence on oxygen, these areas are especially sensitive to anoxic brain injury.

Common Causes

Anoxic brain injury can happen quickly. Some causes are related to underlying medical conditions. Other types of anoxic brain damage are caused by unfortunate accidents. A short list of common causes is provided below.

  • Choking
  • Hanging
  • Drowning
  • Suffocation
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Stroke
  • Electrical shock
  • Exposure to carbon monoxide
  • Heart arrhythmias
  • Bronchial asthma
  • Drug overdose

Symptoms

In general, a victim of anoxic brain injury will experience a loss of consciousness and move into a coma-like state. Even if the oxygen deprivation doesn’t last long enough to cause unconsciousness, the victim may still experience symptoms and lingering effects well after oxygen levels have been restored.

  • Short-term memory loss: The hippocampus (an especially oxygen-dependent part of the brain) is responsible for processing new information. Without oxygen, the hippocampus cannot develop new memories.
  • Problems with language and speech: Victims may use the wrong words, confuse words, or not understand words.
  • Poor visual functioning: Brain damage may result in the inability to recognize shapes, colors, or common objects.
  • Lack of coordination: Damage to the basal ganglia and cerebellum affect movement control. Patients may walk as though they are drunk, with bobbing and weaving motions.
  • Inability to perform daily tasks: Victims may not be able to complete simple physical movements like brushing their teeth or eating with utensils.
  • Inability to process high-level thinking: The victim’s reasoning, problem solving, and decision-making may be impaired.
brain injuries in adults

How can you prevent brain injury in adults?

Brain injury is the result of trauma to head region and is reported quite frequently in individuals of all age groups. Most common cause of brain injury in adults or adolescents is sports and road traffic accidents. Cycling, cheerleading, football, soccer, boxing, baseball and softball, skate boards and water sports contribute significantly to sports related brain injury each year, with 446,788 patients visiting hospital emergency in United States for moderately severe head or brain injury in 2011 alone. Boxing leaves amateurs and young professionals with permanent brain damage. Brain injury is a critical injury that can affect the entire life of the injured person. Since the brain cells cannot regenerate, no transplantation therapy can help the survivors. In order to prevent brain injury and the brain cell death, it is extremely important to take certain measures for brain injury prevention.

Brain injury prevention can be taken by the following methods:

Identification of risk groups and creating awareness:

Programs regarding brain injury prevention should be conducted throughout the community to describe the risk factors and prevention strategies that might prevent brain injury in different risk groups. This would help the people to understand the possibilities and chances of developing brain injury and resulting consequences.  Educating individuals belonging to all age groups and classes is in an important step towards traumatic brain injury prevention. People should be guided on taking preventive measures by avoiding risky behavior and using protection.

Protective devices:

A number of measures can be employed for traumatic brain injury prevention, including wearing helmets, avoiding using cell phones while driving and most importantly following traffic rules. State and government authorities should take necessary measures to promote careful driving to avoid accidents and a system of fine and punishment for those who don’t follow traffic rules and regulations.

Prompt treatment and detailed examination in case of any head or brain injury:

The most important aspect of traumatic brain injury prevention is the timely management of any traumatic injury to head or brain. After any accident, a complete neuro-physical examination and CT scan is a must to rule out any organic damage to brain tissue. In most cases, prompt treatment saves the individuals from serious issues and from lifelong health problems.

Brain injury prevention in automobile users

Certain transport mediums like bikes and bicycles require proper head, elbow and knee covering (helmets, elbow and knee pads respectively) in order to prevent severe traumas due to road side accidents. These measures should be taken in consideration in order to prevent brain injury.

Brain injury prevention in athletes:

People who are engaged in sports also have higher chances of acquiring brain injury. For e.g., skiers, bicyclists, skaters, cricketers, footballers, horse riders, all are more prone to falls, as in, hitting their heads on the playground during games or practice sessions. They need to wear helmets in order to cover their head and prevent injury to the brain.

Prevention of hypoxic condition

Young Beginners of water sports like swimming are more likely to go through hypoxic conditions  like controlled breathing under water, because of which the brain does not get adequate oxygen supply and if the condition exceeds to four to five minutes, the cerebral cells may suffer significant hypoxic brain injury. So the children should be counseled and such activities should be monitored for brain injury prevention.

Brain injury prevention by lifestyle modification:

–          Using nets and insect repellents for restricting bug entry in the house also helps in brain injury prevention since tiny bugs can lead to viral, bacterial or parasitic encephalitis (or brain injury)

–          Alcoholics should avoid drinking alcohol while driving. Moreover, excessive alcohol consumption is also associated with falls and accidents.

To sum up,

It is imperative to understand that traumatic Brain Injury not only poses an increase risk of physical injury but it also has dreadful psychological and economical consequences. Traumatic brain injury unlike most other physical injuries has a very slow rate of healing and in most cases there will be no 100% return of function. Traumatic brain injury prevention also protects the state and government from wasting tons of finances in rehabilitation unit management and staff expenses. Family members of people who suffer from traumatic brain injury not only loses one hand who was previously contributing in the finances of home, but also one person more who is now dependent on other family members to not only bear the expenses of feeding him but also  have to bear expanses of medical treatment.

brain injury types

Types of Brain Injury: A simple guide to their classification

When your life has been turned upside down by a catastrophic event, then you need to learn as much as possible about your medical condition, so that you can handle it better. This post is meant to give a brief and simplified overview of Types of Brain Injuries. No matter what be the cause, the consequences are very often horrifying. Familiarizing yourself with the classification, symptoms, implications etc is an important first step towards coming to terms with the condition and learning to deal with it.

Information about these conditions:

  • Broadly speaking, Types of Brain Injury can be traumatic or acquired. In the former, it is a consequence of a harsh blow to the head. In the latter case, there is some underlying medical condition, poisoning or any other less violent cause. Many times, the lines dividing the two categories can become blurred.
  • Concussion: This occurs when there is a harsh blow to the head, or the inner tissue is violently agitated as a result of a whiplash.
  • Contusion: In this case, nerves are damaged due to some trauma and internal bleeding often occurs.
  • Coup-Contrecoup: The damage or impact is so severe, that all parts of the inner tissue are affected. The meaning of this term is that areas opposite the site of insult also get damaged.
  • Shaken baby syndrome: This is actually a criminal offense. In this, a person knowingly manhandles a child so brutally, that the inner delicate tissue gets badly damaged.
  • Anoxic: This can arise from a variety of causes which block the oxygen supply to the head. Cells die because of this and the consequences are rather severe.
  • Hypoxic: Here, the oxygen supply is only partially cut off. If attended to in a timely fashion, it can be controlled, otherwise cells will die.

Symptoms and management:

  • While the actual symptoms differ upon the kind of damage and the area affected, there are some common indications like blurred or double vision, headaches, nausea, dizziness, nosebleeds, problems with coordination and cognition, memory lapses etc.
  • These symptoms are rather erratic. They may be mild, may occur a few days after the accident, may not occur at all and patient suddenly becomes unconscious, or may develop and resolve on their own.
  • So, if you suspect that you or an acquaintance may have sustained such a damage, then it is better to err on the side of caution and contact a doctor.
  • Contact a dependable doctor and if needed take a second opinion. This is because, many times it becomes difficult to detect these problems in the early stages. Unfortunately, as the stages progress, salvation becomes impossible.

Types of Brain Injuries can wreck havoc on your life. Learning about them can help you to be a bit more cautious. And even if, in spite of your precautions, you feel that you may have sustained a damage, do not ignore it or wait for the symptoms to develop. Timely medical intervention can save you.