brain injury types

Types of Brain Injury: A simple guide to their classification

When your life has been turned upside down by a catastrophic event, then you need to learn as much as possible about your medical condition, so that you can handle it better. This post is meant to give a brief and simplified overview of Types of Brain Injuries. No matter what be the cause, the consequences are very often horrifying. Familiarizing yourself with the classification, symptoms, implications etc is an important first step towards coming to terms with the condition and learning to deal with it.

Information about these conditions:

  • Broadly speaking, Types of Brain Injury can be traumatic or acquired. In the former, it is a consequence of a harsh blow to the head. In the latter case, there is some underlying medical condition, poisoning or any other less violent cause. Many times, the lines dividing the two categories can become blurred.
  • Concussion: This occurs when there is a harsh blow to the head, or the inner tissue is violently agitated as a result of a whiplash.
  • Contusion: In this case, nerves are damaged due to some trauma and internal bleeding often occurs.
  • Coup-Contrecoup: The damage or impact is so severe, that all parts of the inner tissue are affected. The meaning of this term is that areas opposite the site of insult also get damaged.
  • Shaken baby syndrome: This is actually a criminal offense. In this, a person knowingly manhandles a child so brutally, that the inner delicate tissue gets badly damaged.
  • Anoxic: This can arise from a variety of causes which block the oxygen supply to the head. Cells die because of this and the consequences are rather severe.
  • Hypoxic: Here, the oxygen supply is only partially cut off. If attended to in a timely fashion, it can be controlled, otherwise cells will die.

Symptoms and management:

  • While the actual symptoms differ upon the kind of damage and the area affected, there are some common indications like blurred or double vision, headaches, nausea, dizziness, nosebleeds, problems with coordination and cognition, memory lapses etc.
  • These symptoms are rather erratic. They may be mild, may occur a few days after the accident, may not occur at all and patient suddenly becomes unconscious, or may develop and resolve on their own.
  • So, if you suspect that you or an acquaintance may have sustained such a damage, then it is better to err on the side of caution and contact a doctor.
  • Contact a dependable doctor and if needed take a second opinion. This is because, many times it becomes difficult to detect these problems in the early stages. Unfortunately, as the stages progress, salvation becomes impossible.

Types of Brain Injuries can wreck havoc on your life. Learning about them can help you to be a bit more cautious. And even if, in spite of your precautions, you feel that you may have sustained a damage, do not ignore it or wait for the symptoms to develop. Timely medical intervention can save you.

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