Brain injury is the result of trauma to head region and is reported quite frequently in individuals of all age groups. Most common cause of brain injury in adults or adolescents is sports and road traffic accidents. Cycling, cheerleading, football, soccer, boxing, baseball and softball, skate boards and water sports contribute significantly to sports related brain injury each year, with 446,788 patients visiting hospital emergency in United States for moderately severe head or brain injury in 2011 alone. Boxing leaves amateurs and young professionals with permanent brain damage. Brain injury is a critical injury that can affect the entire life of the injured person. Since the brain cells cannot regenerate, no transplantation therapy can help the survivors. In order to prevent brain injury and the brain cell death, it is extremely important to take certain measures for brain injury prevention.
Brain injury prevention can be taken by the following methods:
Identification of risk groups and creating awareness:
Programs regarding brain injury prevention should be conducted throughout the community to describe the risk factors and prevention strategies that might prevent brain injury in different risk groups. This would help the people to understand the possibilities and chances of developing brain injury and resulting consequences. Educating individuals belonging to all age groups and classes is in an important step towards traumatic brain injury prevention. People should be guided on taking preventive measures by avoiding risky behavior and using protection.
A number of measures can be employed for traumatic brain injury prevention, including wearing helmets, avoiding using cell phones while driving and most importantly following traffic rules. State and government authorities should take necessary measures to promote careful driving to avoid accidents and a system of fine and punishment for those who don’t follow traffic rules and regulations.
Prompt treatment and detailed examination in case of any head or brain injury:
The most important aspect of traumatic brain injury prevention is the timely management of any traumatic injury to head or brain. After any accident, a complete neuro-physical examination and CT scan is a must to rule out any organic damage to brain tissue. In most cases, prompt treatment saves the individuals from serious issues and from lifelong health problems.
Brain injury prevention in automobile users
Certain transport mediums like bikes and bicycles require proper head, elbow and knee covering (helmets, elbow and knee pads respectively) in order to prevent severe traumas due to road side accidents. These measures should be taken in consideration in order to prevent brain injury.
Brain injury prevention in athletes:
People who are engaged in sports also have higher chances of acquiring brain injury. For e.g., skiers, bicyclists, skaters, cricketers, footballers, horse riders, all are more prone to falls, as in, hitting their heads on the playground during games or practice sessions. They need to wear helmets in order to cover their head and prevent injury to the brain.
Prevention of hypoxic condition
Young Beginners of water sports like swimming are more likely to go through hypoxic conditions like controlled breathing under water, because of which the brain does not get adequate oxygen supply and if the condition exceeds to four to five minutes, the cerebral cells may suffer significant hypoxic brain injury. So the children should be counseled and such activities should be monitored for brain injury prevention.
Brain injury prevention by lifestyle modification:
– Using nets and insect repellents for restricting bug entry in the house also helps in brain injury prevention since tiny bugs can lead to viral, bacterial or parasitic encephalitis (or brain injury)
– Alcoholics should avoid drinking alcohol while driving. Moreover, excessive alcohol consumption is also associated with falls and accidents.
To sum up,
It is imperative to understand that traumatic Brain Injury not only poses an increase risk of physical injury but it also has dreadful psychological and economical consequences. Traumatic brain injury unlike most other physical injuries has a very slow rate of healing and in most cases there will be no 100% return of function. Traumatic brain injury prevention also protects the state and government from wasting tons of finances in rehabilitation unit management and staff expenses. Family members of people who suffer from traumatic brain injury not only loses one hand who was previously contributing in the finances of home, but also one person more who is now dependent on other family members to not only bear the expenses of feeding him but also have to bear expanses of medical treatment.